Details for National Water Resources Assessment Report - Uganda 2013

National Water Resources Assessment Report - Uganda 2013
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Name:National Water Resources Assessment Report - Uganda 2013
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Fresh water is a finite but vulnerable resource that sustains life, development, and the environment. While Uganda’s water resources are quite abundant, with a mean annual rainfall of 1200 mm, flows from the Nile that exceed 25 km per year, and large combined storage capacity in Lakes Victoria, Albert, Edward and Kyoga, there is nevertheless a growing perception that future water scarcity may affect economic development and food security. This perception is strengthened by the countries rapid population growth, the uncertainties related to climate change, a severe hydrologic drought in recent memory (2004-2005) that lowered the level of Lake Victoria and compromised power production, and recent incidences of famine.

A Rapid Water Resources Assessment for Uganda was carried out in 1993-1994 but this no longer represents the current state of affairs and the existing information base. There is presently no comprehensive nationwide assessment of water availability and quality, or the hydrological implications of various water and agricultural development scenarios. Without such information, rational development and optimal use of the water resources for the benefit of the people of Uganda is not possible. Such information is also needed when determining a national position in the on-going negotiations on the allocation of the waters of the Nile amongst the countries in the river’s basin.

In view of the above, the Ministry of Water and Environment embarked on the preparation of a ’Water Resources Assessment, Strategies, and Plans for Water Resources Management and Development’ in Uganda.

The project was to be implemented in two phases: (1) the Water Resources Assessment phase, and (2) the Water Resources Strategy Development phase.

The overall objective of Phase 1 is to assess the available water resources of Uganda based on existing data and information, in order to set the stage for its management and role in national development. More specifically, the three main objectives of the study were to make a hydrological assessment that would examine the extent and quality of surface and ground water, to assess the present and future water use and pollution loads under different development scenarios, and to carry out a risk/vulnerability assessment, examining the likelihood of extreme hydrological events, and their consequences and possible mitigation measures. The results obtained during this phase will provide key inputs into Phase 2 of the project, the development of a National Water Resources Development and Management Strategy. These results will also provide an overall framework for the regulation and control of water abstraction and waste water discharge. The assessment has specifically taken into account the Nile transboundary context. 

 

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