A long term aim of Uganda’s water sector reforms since the early 2000s was to establish a ”Water and Sanitation Development Facility” (WSDF) as a means by which to channel funding and technical support into the sector’s service providers, i.e. the local governments in the small towns and rural growth centres, in a way that increases efficiency and reduces transaction costs. It was intended also that the WSDF would ultimately transition into an autonomous fund (with the same initials) with an expanding remit across the sector and its stakeholders.
To this end Government with Development Partner support launched WSDF-SW in July 2006 under Directorate of Water Development an arm of the Ministry of Water and Environment. It was established as a pilot structure responsible for supporting Small Towns (STs) and Rural Growth Centres (RGCs) get access to piped safe water and improved sanitation. The WSDF-SW identifies STs/RGCs, funds production of designs and actual construction of the systems, and sets up Operation and Maintenance structures. The WSDF-SW operations are guided by an operations manual approved by Development Partners and the Government of Uganda.
The experiences gained in the WSDF-SW was was replicated in the setup of a similar WSDF in the Northern part of Uganda and subsequently in East and Central Uganda as well. These Water and Sanitation Development Facilities were established with delegated financial powers for efficient implementation at local /regional levels.
To further institutialize the Water and Sanitation Develompent Facilities two studies have been carried out providing recommendations on future development of these facilities. The last study which was a detailed design of the WSDF inclusive an institutional needs gap assessmenti has been completed and will soon be available for download.